In June, the "Opinions of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China and the State Council on Strengthening Ecological Environment Protection and Resolutely Fighting Pollution Prevention and Control" was officially released. On July 25, the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology issued the "Three-Year Action Plan for Resolutely Fighting the Pollution Prevention and Control of Industry and Communication Industry" (hereinafter referred to as the "Plan"), aiming at promoting the high-quality development of the industry and communications industry.
The Plan proposes that by 2020, the industrial added value energy consumption of enterprises above designated size will be 18% lower than that of 2015, and the proportion of green manufacturing and high-tech industries will increase significantly. Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei and surrounding areas, the Yangtze River Delta region, and the plains In the key areas of the 11 provinces and cities along the Yangtze River Economic Belt, the proportion of heavy chemical industry in the basin has dropped significantly, the industrial layout has been optimized, and the structure is more reasonable. The Plan specifically proposes that in 2018, the steel production capacity will be reduced by about 30 million tons.
Strictly prevent the resurgence of "strip steel"
In recent years, some industries have been suffering from the ills of severe overcapacity.
The "Plan" clearly proposes to increase the capacity reduction of excess capacity, and it is strictly forbidden to add new capacity such as cement, flat glass, coking, electrolytic aluminum and casting in key areas; strictly implement the implementation of capacity replacement in industries such as electrolytic aluminum, cement and flat glass. Guide and supervise the local government to actively promote the orderly withdrawal of excess capacity in industries such as cement and flat glass.
Recently, Huang Libin, deputy director of the Bureau of Operational Monitoring and Coordination of the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology, and the spokesperson of the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology also reported on the measures taken by the industrial communications industry to â€œde-capacityâ€ at the press conference of the State Council. In the first half of this year, the growth rate of the value-added of the raw materials industry accelerated by 1.2 percentage points year-on-year, and the profit growth in the first five months was 43.8%.
He mentioned that on the basis of eliminating backward production capacity such as cement and flat glass, the production capacity of other industries has been increased. Last year, the capacity replacement of electrolytic aluminum and other industries was carried out to curb the blind expansion of production capacity, and 140 million tons were banned according to regulations. "District steel" capacity and so on.
Taking the industry as an example, Huang Libin mentioned that the industry's profit and loss in 2015 was only 52.6 billion yuan, while the loss of loss-making enterprises was as high as 139.8 billion yuan, and the profit margin of the main business income was only 0.81%. In the first five months, the industry's profit reached 152.6 billion yuan, a year-on-year increase of 1.15 times; the profit rate of the main business income rose to 6.09%, an increase of 2.83 percentage points year-on-year.
For the goal of industrial de-capacity, the "Plan" clearly states that the capacity will be reduced by 30 million tons in 2018, and strive to complete the goal of 150 million tons of capacity during the 13th Five-Year Plan. By the end of 2020, Hebei's production capacity will be controlled within 200 million tons. Strictly prevent the resurgence of "strip steel". Increase the elimination of backward production capacity in key industries, and comprehensively use standards such as quality, environmental protection, energy consumption and safety to eliminate backward production capacity according to regulations.
Increase the intensity of smart manufacturing promotion
On the one hand, we must â€œgo to capacityâ€, on the other hand, we must also improve quality. In accelerating the promotion of green intelligent transformation and upgrading, the Plan proposes to build a number of major projects using green credit and green manufacturing. We will build a hundred green parks and thousands of green factories, promote thousands of green products, and build a group of green supply chain enterprises to promote the efficiency of energy resource utilization. Accelerate the revision and revision of standards related to energy conservation and green manufacturing, and complete 100 green standards by 2020. At the same time, it is necessary to carry out the test and verification of intelligent manufacturing basic commonality and industry application standards, and cultivate a group of intelligent manufacturing system solution providers.
In fact, the Internet giant represented by BAT has long been engaged in intelligent manufacturing, and the entire intelligent manufacturing field seems to be in full swing, but in fact, "public test beds for technology R&D testing, standard experiment verification and innovative application verification, The construction of intelligent manufacturing support platforms such as the specialized service platform for supply chain coordination is still lagging behind, and the ability to support intelligent manufacturing is relatively weak. Yang Xiaoying, senior engineer of the Strategic Consulting Center of the Chinese Academy of Engineering, said in an interview with the reporter of "Daily Economic News" that due to the lack of public service platforms such as incubators and laboratories supporting enterprise innovation, the intelligent manufacturing support platform is weak, and the key core of intelligent equipment and intelligent manufacturing. Technological innovation is not strong.
He also mentioned that at present, the supply of intelligent manufacturing system solutions in most areas of China is insufficient, and it is still in the early stage of cultivation. There are not many mature cases that can be replicated in the industry and the business scale is limited. In addition to a few industries such as petrochemicals and metallurgy, most system solution providers are only in the partial application stage of intelligent manufacturing equipment and software services. They lack suppliers with complete hardware and software systems and deep industry accumulation to provide overall intelligent manufacturing solutions. .
The reporter noted that the "Plan" also mentioned that it is necessary to increase the promotion of smart manufacturing in key industries such as raw materials, equipment, consumer goods, electronics and civil explosions.
Yang Xiaoying believes that the equipment industry has always been a key area of â€‹â€‹intelligent manufacturing, and equipment is the key to improving supply capacity. The electronics industry is highly automated and has a foundation for intelligent transformation. The amount of raw materials is large and wide, and after the intelligent transformation, the economic benefits are good. Through the intelligent transformation, the civil explosion industry can effectively reduce human error and avoid vicious accidents such as explosions. Consumer goods are related to people's livelihood. Through intelligent manufacturing, quality stability can be ensured, and traceability can be achieved in a wide range.
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